Federal Republic of Nigeria
conventional short form: Nigeria
ISO Country Code: ng
Local Time = UTC +1h
Country Calling Code: +234
Capital City: Abuja (pop. 1 million).
Lagos, Nigerias former capital (12 million), Ibadan (5 million), Kano (1 million), Enugu (500,000).
Type: An elected civilian government took office on 29 May 1999, following 15 years of military rule.
Independence: 1 October 1960.
Nigeria is divided into 36 administrative divisions (states) and one federal capital territory.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon.
Area: 924 000 sq. km. (356 700 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Ranges from southern coastal swamps to tropical forests, open woodlands, grasslands, and semidesert in the far north. The highest regions are the Jos Plateau 1,200-2,000 meters above sea level and the mountains along the border with Cameroon.
Climate: Temperatures 22-36°C, annual rainfall ranges from 381 cm. along the coast to 64 cm. or less in the far north.
Nationality: Noun and adjective–Nigerian(s).
Population (2010): 158 million.
Ethnic groups (374 pure ethnic stocks): Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, and Yoruba are the largest.
Religions: Muslim, Christian, indigenous African.
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, others.
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc.
Agriculture products: Cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish.
Industries: Crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel.
Exports partners: USA 38.3%, India 9.9%,Brazil 6.8%, Spain 6.2%, France 5.6%, Japan 4% (2003)
Imports partners: USA 15.6%, UK 9.6%,Germany 7.3%, China 7.2%, Italy 4.3% (2003)
Currency: Naira (NGN)
Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999 and a peaceful transition to civilian government completed. The new president faces the daunting task of rebuilding a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, the OBASANJO administration must defuse longstanding ethnic and religious tensions, if it is to build a sound foundation for economic growth and political stability.
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)
border countries: Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger