Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah
short form: Tunis
int’l long form: Tunisian Republic
int’l short form: Tunisia
ISO Country Code: tn
Local Time = UTC +1h (summer UTC +2h)
Country Calling Code: +216
Capital City: Tunis
Other Cities: Sfax
Independence: 20 March 1956 (from France)
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea
Area: 163,610 km² (63,170 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Arable land in north and along central coast; south is mostly semiarid or desert.
Climate: Hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.
Population: 10.6 million (2011)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 8223 (year)
Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, other 1%.
Religions: Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish less than 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), French.
Literacy: male 77%; female 55%
Natural resources: Petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt.
Agriculture products: Olives, olive oil, grain, dairy products, tomatoes, citrus fruit, beef, sugar beets, dates, almonds.
Industries: Petroleum, mining, tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages.
Currency: Tunisian Dinar (TND)
Tunisia in Figures
Tunisia key statistical data.
Following independence from France in 1956, President Habib BOURGIUBA established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In recent years, Tunisia has taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to diffuse rising pressure for a more open political society.
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)
Tunisia is a member state of the League of Arab States
border countries: Algeria, Libya