Uganda

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Official Name:
Republic of Uganda
conventional short form: Uganda
Uganda: Swahili for ‘Land of the Ganda’

ISO Country Code: ug
Local Time = UTC +3h

Country Calling Code: +256

Capital City: Kampala (pop. 1.2 million)

Other Cities: 
Entebbe, Jinja, Lira, Mbale, Mbarara

Government:
Type: No-party “Movement” system.
Constitution: The new Constitution was ratified on 12 July 1995, and promulgated on 8 October 1995.
The Constitution Of The Republic Of Uganda

Geography:
Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya.
Area: 241,000 km² (93,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: 18% inland water and swamp; 12% national parks, forest, and game reserves; 70% forest, woodland, grassland.

Climate:
In the northeast, semi-arid–rainfall less than 50 cm. (20 in.); in southwest, rainfall 130 cm. (50 in.) or more. Two dry seasons: Dec.-Feb. and June-July.

People:
Nationality: Ugandan(s).
Population: 33 million (2011).
Ethnic groups: African 99%, European, Asian, Arab 1%.
Religions: Christian 66%, Muslim 16%, traditional and other 18%.
Languages: English (official); Luganda and Swahili widely used; other Bantu and Nilotic languages.
Literacy: 62%.

Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, limestone.
Agriculture products: Coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, cut flowers.

Industries: Sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement.

Exports partners: Kenya 14.7%, Switzerland13.7%, Netherlands 9.2%, UK 6.4%, South Africa5.6% (2003)

Imports partners: Kenya 26%, India 7.4%, South Africa 7.2%, Japan 6.6%, UK 6.3%, UAE 5.8%,USA 5.7%, China 5.1% (2003)

Currency: Uganda Shilling (UGX)

Background:
Uganda achieved independence from the UK in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed another 100,000 lives. During the 1990s the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)

border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania
related countries: United Kingdom


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