Zambia

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Official Name:
Republic of Zambia
short form: Zambia
former: Northern Rhodesia

ISO Country Code: zm

Country Calling Code: +260

Capital City: Lusaka (pop. approx. 1 million)

Other Cities: Kitwe, Ndola, Livingstone, Kabwe.

Government:
Type: Republic.
Independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK).
Constitution: 1991 (amended in 1996 to establish presidential term limits).

Geography:
Location: Southern Africa, landlocked country east of Angola.
Area: 752,618 sq. km. (290,585 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Varies; mostly high plateau savanna with some hills and mountains.

Climate: Generally dry and temperate, tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (Oct. to April).

People:
Nationality: Zambian(s).
Population: 13 million (2010 census).
Ethnic groups: More than 70 ethnic groups. Main tribes are the Lozi, the Bemba, the Ngoni, the Tonga, the Luda, the Luvale and the Kaonde.
Religions: Christian, indigenous beliefs, Muslim, Hindu.
Languages: English (official), about 70 local languages and dialects, including Bemba, Lozi, Kaonde, Lunda, Luvale, Tonga, and Nyanja.
Literacy: women: 60.6%; men: 81.6%

Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides

Industries: Copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture.

Exports partners: Switzerland 24.6%, South Africa 10.8%, Thailand 10.3%, China 9.9%, Italy9%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 5%,Tanzania 4.7% (2006)

Imports partners: South Africa 50%, Zimbabwe5.4%, UAE 4.7%, China 4.4% (2006)

Currency: Zambian Kwacha (ZMK)

Background:
The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa Company from 1891 until takeover by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964.
In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties.
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)

border countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia,Tanzania, Zimbabwe

related countries: South Africa, United Kingdom


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