República de Angola (Republic of Angola)
former: People’s Republic of Angola
ISO Country Code: ao
Local Time = UTC +1h
Country Calling Code: +244
Capital: Luanda (pop. 3.8 million)
Currency: Kwanza (AOA)
Independence: 11 November 1975 (from Portugal).
Location: Southern Africa, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Area: 1,246,700 km² (481 400 sq. mi)
Terrain: A narrow, dry coastal strip extending from Luanda to Namibia; well-watered agricultural highlands; savanna in the far east and south; rain forest in the north and Cabinda.
Huambo (750 000); Benguela (600 000)
Climate: Semiarid in south and along the coast; north has a cool, dry season (May – October) and a hot, rainy season (November – April)
Population: 20.6 million (2012)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 2 829 (year)
Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed racial 2%.
Religions: Christians 88%, indigenous beliefs.
Languages: Portuguese (official), Ovimbundu, Kimbundu, Bakongo, and others.
Literacy 42% (male 56%, female 28%).
Natural resources: Petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium.
Agriculture products: Bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish.
Industries: Petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing; brewing; tobacco products; sugar; textiles.
Exports partners: USA 38%, China 35.9%, Taiwan 6.8%, France 6.5% (2004)
Imports partners: South Korea 28.3%, Portugal 13.1%, USA 9.3%, South Africa 7.4%, Brazil 5.6%, Japan 4.8%, France 4.4% (2004)
Civil war has been the norm in Angola since independence from Portugal in 1975. A 1994 peace accord between the government and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) provided for the integration of former UNITA insurgents into the government and armed forces. A national unity government was installed in April of 1997, but serious fighting resumed in late 1998, rendering hundreds of thousands of people homeless. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost in fighting over the past quarter century. The death of Jonas SAVIMBI and a cease fire with UNITA may bode well for the country. .
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)
border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo (former Zaire), Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zambia
related countries: Portugal