Cape Verde




Official Name:

República de Cabo Verde

short form: Cabo Verde

int’l long form: Republic of Cape Verde

int’l short form: Cape Verde


ISO Country Code: cv



Local Time = UTC -1h



Country Calling Code: +238

Currency: Cape Verdean Escudo (CVE)


Capital City: Praia (pop. 100 000) on the island Sao Tiago (Santiago)


Other Cities: Mindelo (pop. 68 000)


Government: Republic.

Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal).

Constitution: 1982; revised 1992, 1995, and 1999.



Location: Group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean some 500 km from the west coast of Africa (Senegal).

Area: 4,033 km² (1,557 sq. mi.)

Terrain: Rugged volcanic islands.

Highest point: Mt. Fogo 2 829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)


Climate: Tropical dry, with two seasons. Dry season: November to July, tempered by trade winds. Rainy season: August to October.



Nationality: Cape Verdean(s).

Population: 492,000 (2010 census)

Ethnic groups: Creole (mixed African and Portuguese), African, European.

Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant.

Languages: Portuguese (official); Crioulo (a blend of Creole Portuguese and West African)

Literacy: 76%.


Natural resources: Salt, pozzolana (tuff), limestone.


Agriculture products: Bananas, corn, beans, sugarcane, coffee, fruits, vegetables, livestock products.


Industries: Fish and fish products, food and beverages, ship repair, furniture, metal products, tourism.


Exports partners: Portugal 57.6%, USA 16.7%, UK 11% (2004)


Imports partners: Portugal 41.8%, USA 12.3%, Netherlands 8.4%, Spain 5.2%, Italy 4.2%, Brazil 4% (2004)


The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa’s most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde’s expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.


maritime borders: Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal

related countries: Portugal