Union des Comores (French)
Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
short form: Comores
int’l long form: Union of the Comoros
int’l short form: Comoros
Hist. name: Djazaïr Al Qamar (Islands of the Moon)
ISO Country Code: km
Local Time = UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +269
Capital City: Moroni (pop. 60,000)
Other Cities: Mutsamudu (pop. 20,000)
Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France, Mayotte remains under French administration).
Constitution: Adopted by referendum on 23 December 2001.
Location: Southern east Africa, group of islands at the Mozambique Channel which separatesMadagascar from the African continent.
Area: 2,171 km² (838 sq. mi.)
Major islands: Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte (administered by France), and Moheli.
Terrain: Volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills.
Highest point: Le Kartala (an active volcano; 2360 m)
Climate: Tropical marine.
Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava.
Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%.
Languages: Shikomor (Comorian, a Swahili-Arabic blend), Arabic, French, Swahili.
Natural resources: Few natural resources.
Agriculture products: Vanilla, ylang-ylang, jasmine, cassis, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)
Industries: Tourism, perfume distillation.
Exports partners: USA 43.8%, France 18.6%,Singapore 16.5%, Turkey 4.8%, Germany 4.5% (2004)
Imports partners: France 23.5%, South Africa11%, Kenya 7.5%, UAE 7.2%, Italy 4.9%,Pakistan 4.7%, Mauritius 4.2%, Singapore 4.1% (2004)
Currency: Comoran Franc (KMF)