République de Djibouti
Arabic: Jumhuriyah Jibuti
short form: Djibouti
int’l long form: Republic of Djibouti
former: Territoire Français des Afars et des Issas (French Territory of the Afars and Issas), French Somaliland.
ISO Country Code: dj
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Thu-Nov-14 08:36
Country Calling Code: +253
Capital City: Djibouti (City)
Other Cities: Dikhil, Arta, Ali-Sabieh, Obock, Tadjoura.
Constitution: Ratified September 1992 by referendum.
Independence: 27 June 1977 (from France).
Location: Northeast coast of the Horn of Africa on the Strait of Mandeb, which separates the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.
Area: 23,200 km² (8,880 sq mi)
Terrain: Coastal desert and plateau separated by central mountains.
Climate: Torrid and semi-arid, fresh season, from October to April (average 25°).
Population: 818,000 (2009 census)
Ethnic groups: Somalis (Issaks, Issas, and Gadaboursis) 60%, Afars 35%, Ethiopians,Arab, French, and Italian.
Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%.
Languages: French and Arabic (official); Somali and Afar widely used.
Natural resources: Gold, clay, granite, marble, minerals (salt, perlite, gypsum, limestone), petroleum, geothermal areas.
Agriculture products: livestock, fishing, fruits, vegetables.
Industries: Banking and insurance (12.5% of GDP), transportation (Djibouti harbour), tourism, construction, agricultural processing, salt.
Exports partners: Somalia 63.8%, Yemen22.6%, Ethiopia 5% (2004)
Imports partners: Saudi Arabia 19.7%, India12.4%, Ethiopia 11.8%, China 8.1%, France5.6%, USA 4.8% (2004)
Currency: Djiboutian Franc (DJF)
The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. Djibouti’s first multi-party presidential elections in 1999 resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH. Djibouti occupies a very strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, but has also developed increasingly stronger ties with the United States in recent years. Djibouti currently hosts the only United States military base in sub-Saharan Africa and is a front-line state in the global war on terrorism.
border countries: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
related countries: France, Yemen