Republic of Kenya
conventional short form: Kenya
former: British East Africa.
ISO Country Code: ke
Local Time = UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +254
Capital City: Nairobi (pop. 2.1 million)
Mombasa (665 000), Kisumu (504 000), Nakuru (1.2 million).
Independence: 12 December 1963 (from UK).
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania.
Area: 580,000 km² (225,000 sq mi.)
Terrain: From a low coastal plain on the Indian Ocean in a series of mountain ridges and plateaus which stand above 3 000 meters (9 000 ft.) in the center of the country. The Rift Valley bisects the country above Nairobi, opening up to a broad arid plain in the north. Mountain plains cover the south before descending to the shores of Lake Victoria in the west.
Highest elevation: Mount Kenya (Kirinyaga, 5199 m)
Climate: Varies from the tropical south, west, and central regions to arid and semi-arid in the north and the northeast.
Population: 38.6 million (2009 census)
Ethnic groups: African–Kikuyu 21%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 11%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 5%. Non-African–Asian, European, Arab 1%.
Religions: Protestant 40%, Roman Catholic 30%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 10%, .
Languages: English, Swahili, more than 40 local ethnic languages.
Literacy (in English): 59%.
Natural resources: Wildlife, land.
Agriculture Products: Tea, coffee, sugarcane, horticultural products.
Industries: Small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism.
Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KES)
Revered president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence until his death in 1978, when 2nd President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession.
The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but are viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December of 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition, defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform.
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)
border countries: Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
related countries: United Kingdom
Kenya in Figures
Kenya key statistical data