Official Name:
République de Mali
int’l long form: Republic of Mali
short form: Mali
former: French Sudan and Sudanese Republic

ISO Country Code: ml
Local Time = UTC (0h; no UTC/GMT offset)

Country Calling Code: +223

Capital City: Bamako (pop. 1 million)

Other Cities: 
Segou (200 000), Sikasso (120 000),
Mopti (90 000), Gao (65 000), Kayes (65 000), Timbuktu (38 000)

Type: Republic
Independence: 22 September 1960 (from France).

Location: Western Africa, southwest of Algeria.
Area: 1,240,000 km² (474,764 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Savannah and desert.

Climate: Semitropical in the south; arid in the north.

Nationality: Malian(s).
Population: 14,5 million (2009)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 1,084 (year)
Ethnic groups: Manding, Mande (Bambara or Bamana, Malinke, Sarakole, Soninke) 50%, Fulani, Songhai, Voltaic, Tuareg and Maur.
Religions: Islam 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%.
Languages: French (official) and Bambara (spoken by about 80% of the population).
Literacy: 30-45%. (est.)

Natural resources:
Gold, phosphate, kaolin, salt, and limestone.
Agriculture Products, (42% of GDP): millet, sorghum, corn, rice, livestock, sugar, cotton, Groundnuts (peanuts), and tobacco.
Agriculture products: Cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats.

Industries: Food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining.

Exports partners: China 25.2%, Pakistan12.8%, Thailand 8.7%, Taiwan 6.7%, Italy 4.5% (2005)

Imports partners: France 13.1%, Senegal13.1%, Cote d’Ivoire 8.5% (2005)

Currency: CFA Franc BCEAO (XOF)

The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 with a transitional government, and in 1992 when Mali’s first democratic presidential election was held. Since his reelection in 1997, President KONARE has continued to push through political and economic reforms and to fight corruption. In 1999 he indicated he would not run for a third term. In keeping with Mali’s two-term constitutional limit, KONARE stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was subsequently elected to a second term in 2007. The elections were widely judged to be free and fair.
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)

related countries: France