United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
short form: Tanzania
former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
ISO Country Code: tz
Local Time = UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +255
Dar es Salaam (executive)
Other Cities: Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Mtwara, Stonetown, Zanzibar
Type: Unitary Republic.
Independence: Tanganyika 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship),
Zanzibar 1963 (from UK).
Union formed 1964.
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Area: Tanzania mainland: 945 000 km² (378 000 sq. mi.); Zanzibar: 1,658 km² (640 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal plains; a central plateau; highlands in north and south.
Highest point: Kilimanjaro 5 895 m.
Climate: Varies from tropical to arid to temperate.
Nationality: Tanzanian(s); Zanzibari(s).
Population: 43.2 million includ. Zanzibar.
Ethnic Groups: mainland – native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar – Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African.
Religions: mainland – Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar – more than 99% Muslim.
Languages: Kiswahili (Swahili, Kiunguja), English (both official), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages.
Literacy: male: 85.9%, female: 70.7% .
Natural resources: Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel.
Agriculture products: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (organic insecticide), cashew nuts, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; livestock.
Industries: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, oil refining.
Exports partners: India 8.9%, Spain 8.2%,Netherlands 6.4%, Japan 5.7%, UK 4.9%, China4.7%, Kenya 4.6% (2004)
Imports partners: South Africa 12.6%, China7.8%, India 6.3%, Kenya 5.4%, UAE 5.3%, USA4.8%, UK 4.6% (2004)
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.
One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.
Zanzibar’s semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers’ claims of voting irregularities.
(Source: CIA – The World Factbook)
border countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda,Uganda, Zambia
The flag of Tanzania was adopted on 30 June 1964. It was a merger of the flags of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
The flag is divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner. The upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue. The meaning of the colours is as follows:
- green represents the natural vegetation present in the country,
- yellow represents the rich mineral deposits of the country,
- black represents the skin colour of Tanzanians,
- and blue represents the numerous lakes and rivers and the Indian Ocean.